What Are Undersea Internet Communications Cables

A submarine or undersea communications cable between land-based stations is placed on the seabed to deliver telecommunication signals across seas, oceans, lagoons, or lakes. There are currently roughly 380 undersea cables in use worldwide, with a total length of more than 1.2 million kilometres.

Many undersea cables got funded by internet titans like Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Microsoft. As a result, modern society is well connected, but not many people know about undersea cables and how it all started, so we explained it in the other text.

History

In the 1850s, the first undersea communications cables transported telegraphy traffic, enabling the first instant connection between different continents. The Submarine Telegraph Company successfully laid the first cable across the English channel in 1851. From 1955 to 1956, the first transatlantic telephone cable system got placed between Scotland and Newfoundland. In 1988, TAT-8 increased the transmission to 280 megabytes per second.

Problems With Early Cables

Electrical difficulties plagued first long-distance undersea telegraph cables. Along with those kinds of problems, numerous lines got harmed by sea animals. There have been reports of sharks biting cables and sawfish attacks. Pests could also lay hemp between the steel outer layers of the wires, which made an unwanted entrance to the vulnerable parts. As the years went by, cables got made with better technology and materials.

Modern Technology

Optical fibre technology is used in today’s cables to convey digital data, such as private data, Internet, and telephone traffic. Modern lines usually are 1″ in diameter and weigh roughly 1.4 tonnes per kilometre for the marine areas. However, heavier and larger cables get used for shallow-water areas close to shore.

The first fibre-optic cables got made in the 1980s. They’re used because of their outstanding clarity, allowing repeaters to be separated by more than 100 kilometres, reducing the number of amplifiers and the distortions they create. Making the Internet possible is a complex process. As a result, we’re getting endless ways of entertainment and pages to surf.

Many companies modernized their products and made them available online. For example, people used to drive to casinos to play. Although many casinos are still out there, people prefer the web browser to experience it more and more (a great example is an online casino in Canada). So not only it benefits the player, but it also brings more profit to companies.

How Cables Are Laid

To lay an undersea cable takes years and a lot of money. The process starts with checking naval charts. Lines are safer in deep water on a flat surface, away from rocks and other potential hazards. Based on the location, cable contractors may be required to dig concrete trenches into concealing the cable and preventing it from being smashed on the rocks. After everything gets planned and checked, large ships start to transport cables.

Undersea Spying

The practice of tapping underwater cables isn’t something new. US submarines brought divers with specially developed equipment to Soviet lines and intercepted all communications in the Cold War. And this is only one of many cases. Governments around the world are working on preserving the data and fighting against hackers. All for the sake of all citizens because, after all, we’re all on the Internet.

How Tesla and Other New Cars Get Their Internet Connection

Two trends are driving the trend of the connected car. First, with most devices around us becoming competent, the evolution of infotainment in cars dictates internet connection to fully take advantage of advanced applications. Second, autonomous driving and advanced security features also use the internet for their functionality. We still need to wait for high-speed and low-latency 5G networks to fully take advantage of connected autonomous cars, but we already have models with constant internet connections.

How Do Cars Get Internet?

Mobile networks and technologies are driving connected cars, and there are two basic principles. The first is embedded modem and network card, more common for premium vehicles with subscription services like the Volkswagen Car-Net system. Embedded solution means users don’t have to worry about setting up connections, and the car already has built-in hardware and a GSM card that usually allows 4G connectivity.

Playing Games while Commuting

Such a system allows passengers to connect on its Wi-Fi and use infotainment options, meaning you can stream YouTube shows, listen to Spotify playlists, or play games. Of course, the driver will still have to focus on the road, but his passengers can enjoy online games like Brawl Stars, Call of Duty Mobile.

HTML5 web browser games are also on the table, so users who dab into occasional igaming can play online slots. This possibility got confirmed by a gadget experiment done in a YouTube video, where a hostess tried to play an online slot machine on a Tesla Model 3, and guess what – it worked flawlessly. Either way, because of a good embedded internet connection, or the raw horsepower of the Tesla Model 3, we can undoubtedly say that other online casino games would work. Just don’t use an older Tesla Model S, as it lacks the computing power.

The other option for the connected car is tethered connectivity that gets its data traffic from mobile phones. Other than the source, other options are more or less the same.

Tesla Premium Connectivity

Tesla was a pioneer of connected cars due to its advanced security and autonomous driving features. The company started its Premium Connectivity program as free-of-charge with all models but has since segmented the offering on different models and introduced a $9.99 subscription model. Tesla gets its connectivity via the LTE modem. In the US, Tesla runs on AT&T and through various other carriers in Canada and Europe. In addition, you can get features like internet browser, video streaming, life traffic visualization, satellite view maps and others.

Volkswagen Car-Net

German manufacturer offers Car-Net in most of its premium cars like Passat, Jetta, Tiguan, Golf, Beetle, e-Golf and a few others. Car-Net system has a Wi-Fi hotspot for users and one month of trial with 1GB of data. The tech behind its connectivity is a 4G modem, and the subscription is around $20 monthly. You can get features like remote start/stop, lock or light flash. In addition, the car has automated health reports and service notifications. Moreover, the vehicle can collect driver behaviour with personalized tips on how to improve.

Audi Connect

Audi has its connect feature in all new models with SIM cards pre-installed in most vehicles. To activate the connected elements, users must first download the myAudi app. LTE SIM card is behind all the Audi services divided into tiers from Connect are to Connect Plus. Some notable features include a Wi-Fi hotspot, Online radio, natural voice recognition, traffic information, remote lock, and vehicle status report.

Most manufacturers have an iteration of a connected environment. For example, Ford has FordPass Connect, Hyundai Bluelink Connectivity, Toyota Wi-Fi connect, and Nissan has NissanConnect. Features are similar between vendors, and in upcoming models, we could expect an upgrade from 4G LTE to 5G modems that will open up a whole new world of opportunities.

Digital Disruption: 4 Advantages of Online Casinos Over Land-Based Resorts


It’s now over 25 years since the first casino games appeared on the internet. There is, in fact, some dispute over who created the first real online casino game, as is often the case in the Wild West days of the web, but most agree that it was Microgaming that programmed the first ‘true’ real-money casino game in the mid-90s.

Of course, those nascent days of the world wide web also gave us the first examples of digital disruption. Most people are aware of the concept – a traditional industry being disrupted (and replaced) by a digital rule-breaker. Digital disruption is the reason we talk about Netflix today and can’t go to a Blockbuster video store.

But when it came to the casino industry, the disruption didn’t really occur. Now, online casinos are hugely popular worldwide, but they haven’t been seen as a threat to the existence of physical casinos. In fact, the two sectors of the industry seemed to co-exist peacefully over the last quarter of a century. If anything, they tended to complement each other.

However, could that be about to change? There are some who believe that the time has come where the old guard of casino resorts will finally be replaced. Yes, revellers might still go to Las Vegas for an EDM festival or to catch a Raiders game. But the gaming tables are not the main goal. Below we want to set out four reasons that online casinos will eventually succeed in replacing land-based casino resorts:

1. Limitless Options

If you were to head to Vegas or Atlantic City to play some blackjack, you might find a couple of casinos offering different variations of the game. If you were to log on to play blackjack online at a top casino, the options are vast. You can play all the traditional variants, but also games like Blackjack Surrender, Progressive Jackpot Blackjack, Double Attack Blackjack, Spanish 21– whatever you like. And, you are no longer limited to virtual games as online casinos now have live casino games as standard. The choice is tremendous, and it’s getting better with time.

2. Overheads

A couple of years ago, Forbes published an article about the decline of blackjack in Las Vegas. It talked about the things that drove players away from the game, including lower payouts for blackjack (in some places, odds being cut from 3/2 to 6/5) and rule tweaks to the house’s advantage. Casino bosses will point to tight margins and overheads for salaries, taxes, and so on. That problem doesn’t exist online. And, it’s not just blackjack either. If you research the payback amounts for typical physical slots machines versus online ones, you will see how the low overheads make for potentially better player returns.

3. Millennials

Over the last decade, the thing that worried casino bosses the most was millennials. An age group that did not embrace casino games like the previous generation. We don’t need to explain that millennials are more comfortable in a virtual world than previous generations, but there are also different types of games offered by online casinos that you would not find in physical casinos. A recent report published by EGR found that millennials are the biggest spenders on online gambling of any generation.

4. Changing Regulation

One of the biggest seismic shocks to the gambling world in recent years was the historic 2018 Supreme Court Decision on sports betting. This allowed states to make up their own rules on sports betting (and online casinos). New laws have also been created in countries like Germany and India. The point is that it makes legal gambling more readily available than ever before, and it takes away the ‘special’ status of the casino resort. Someone who lived in Illinois before 2019 (when the state passed a wave of new laws) might have gone to Vegas to gamble, but now they can do it online.

Conclusion

For some, a trip to the casino will always be seen as a special occasion. It’s for that reason that resorts are still popular in spite of having a better choice (and odds, in some cases) online. However, many believe that the dam could burst sooner rather than later with casinos being digitally disrupted. Will they cease to exist? Probably not entirely. But they might have to adapt to new challenges thrown up by a digital rival.

Ontario’s gambling scene

Canada’s gambling laws are some of the most relaxed in the world, with gambling in some form or other permitted across all 10 provinces and three territories.  However, regulation is on a provincial level, so what is allowed in one area may be illegal in another. Generally speaking, land (bricks-and-mortar) gambling is legal across all of Canada (except Newfoundland and Labrador), such as casinos, racetracks, bingo, slot machines and lotteries.

As a general rule, private betting houses, and non-government regulated casinos and lottery machines are illegal, and online gambling is tightly regulated. All online gambling has to be licenced or owned by a provincial government. There have been several high-profile cases involving illegal off-shore sites; British Colombia successfully sued a Delaware-based site for $4 million, and in 2013 the Ontario government forfeited £2 million dollars from an offshore gambling site. Therefore, it is key when gambling online in Canada, to use a Canadian-based, government licenced site or one licenced by a gaming authority such as the MGA (Malta Gaming Authority).

Gambling has steadily increased in popularity since it was decriminalized in 1969, growing from state-lotteries designed to raise money for worthy causes (including the Montreal Olympics 1976), to ticket lotteries, horse racing, bingo, casinos and video lottery terminals. Casino gambling is the most popular, with over 100 operating nationally attracting both locals and visitors. Some casinos are in quaint parts of the country, such as Manoir Richelieu, whereas others have taken inspiration from Vegas, with live shows, shopping and restaurants. There are also destination and resort-style casinos with on-site accommodation, restaurants, shopping centres and stunning scenery.

Some land casinos in Canada have taken inspiration from Las Vegas hosting their own ‘resort’ with a hotel and shopping centres.

As a popular form of entertainment for both locals and tourists alike, there are different types of casinos. In British Colombia, there is a beautiful, luxury hotel with casino and gold resort, as well as gourmet restaurants: a smaller casino, with just 240 slot machines and 4 tables, and not open 24/7, it attracts a different demographic of more casual gamblers.  In Alberta, River Cree Resort and Casino has over 1100 slot machines, 39 tables and a poker room, and works to attract locals with a membership scheme, awarding points for daily visits. Ontario has the most casinos in Canada, with 25, of which 4 are resort-style predominantly around Niagara Falls. Casino Niagara has over 13000 slot machines, 30 tables, a poker room and a sports section, as well as restaurants and live entertainment. The Niagara Fallsview Casino Resort has 3000 slots and 120 tables, as well as 374 luxury rooms.

Despite the popularity of land casinos in Canada, there has been a huge increase in the popularity of online casinos, and it is becoming the biggest sector in the gambling market. One of the key driving forces behind this is the technical boom seen over the last 20 years’, in particular over the last decade with the advent of smartphones. As technology has improved, casinos have been able to improve their digital offerings to customers, recreating the feel of the casino online.

Gamblers no longer have to go to a physical location and spend time going to tables, finding free machines and having to find a block of time to be able to gamble. With online gambling they can do this on the go, from the comfort of their own homes, and drop in and out throughout the day when they have breaks. There are many casino providers to choose from online all offering various casino games. An example of a casino site who offer a wide range of games is 888 casinos. On 888 casino games, players have the option to play games such as roulette, poker and baccarat to name a few.

Online gambling allows for anonymity, additional security, and allows gamblers to keep better track of their winnings and losses. Whilst some still prefer the atmosphere and social aspect of a casino, the online offering has become increasingly popular, and has attracted a new demographic of casual gamblers who have never set foot in a casino, as well as veteran gamblers who play online and on land.

Mobile phones have contributed to the success of online casinos with players being able to access games at their own convenience.

The boom of casinos, both land and online, has had huge benefits to Ontario’s and the wider Canadian economy. It is expected to increase revenue to around CA$500 billion by 2023, meaning about CA$31 billion is state revenue, and the gambling industry employs around 100,000 people. Other benefits to the economy include those employed in the software industry, and the tax revenues collected here, as well as increased development in technology, including supporting small start-ups.  In 2017, Ontario reported revenue of CA$7.445 billion from gambling, around CA$2.36 billion from online gambling.

Best Ways to Make Money from Gaming in 2020

Some people say you can make millions of dollars playing video games online. They say you can become famous while at it, buy your favourite sportscar and earn a massive following on social media.

Is it true? Should you quit your job to make money from gaming? Not so quickly. You can earn money in the gaming industry. You can even become a millionaire, as you might have heard. But there are some caveats:

  • It is not all fun and games
  • You might need to spend money
  • It takes the right personality
  • It asks for patience and hard work

With that in mind, here’s a list of the best ways to make money from gaming in 2020.

#1: Become a Pro-gamer

A pro-gamer is someone who plays video games professionally. He might do it online or join a team to travel around the world wherever competitions are available. There are various ways to become a Pro.

First, you can look up online adverts to discover who’ hiring new gamers. You might then be asked to participate in an online interview or buy tickets for a physical meeting in London, LA, New York or Beijing.

Another way to start a professional gaming career is to register for local competitions. You see, gaming doesn’t have to involve teams. Fortnite, PUBG, FIFA20, NBA2K and several more games accept solo competitors.

If you win local competitions regularly, you can sign up for bigger tournaments. In major cities such as London, LA and New York, video game competitions attract up to $3 million in prize money.

#2: Become a Streamer

Some of the world’s most successful gamers are streamers. We are talking about $10 million per year rich, 10+ million fans famous. And that means people such as Tyler “Ninja” Blevins and Michael “Shroud” Grzesiek.

Elite streamers make more money than pro-gamers for several reasons. First, they work mainly online, accumulating fans on all social media networks. With social media stardom comes opportunities to make money through adverts, affiliate marking, and influencer contracts.

Ninja, for example, earns up to $1 million to market new video games for a month. He’s also famous enough to have convinced Microsoft to pay him $50 million to leave Twitch for Mixer.

Against that backdrop, streaming pays a lot of money but only to the elite, extremely famous players. Beginners tend to struggle at the bottom, broadcasting games to fewer than ten people at a time. Those who persist eventually succeed, but it could take months or years to make decent money.

#3: Become a Casino Player

The online casino industry is an enormous $90 billion industry. It is bigger than Facebook, Hollywood and Valentine’s Day Combined in terms of annual gross revenues made. But why should you care?

You can earn some of this money. No, you don’t need to buy a casino. You can make hundreds or thousands of dollars playing casino games professionally. Before you say it, you can also lose a lot of cash.

To ensure you make profits consistently, get several things right. Choose a few games and become excellent at playing them. If you select poker, practice and until you’re the best card player in your group of friends.

Then join a trustworthy casino. In Canada, Dreamz.com ranks at the top of the best gaming websites to join. It’s a mobile-friendly platform jam-packed with 1500+ slots and card games. It’s also generous and welcomes you with up to $1000 in bonuses.

Once you become a decent player and have a great casino to use, next up is to perfect your gaming skills. Find the best slots to increase your chances of winning. Discover new card tricks to become a better player. Repeat these tips, and there’s a chance casino gaming could become profitable for you.

#4: Start a Video Game Reviewing Business

Of the seven billion people in the world, two billion identify as gamers. There are over 450 million people who play and watch video games yearly if you narrow down to enthusiasts. That translates to billions of dollars spent on games worldwide.

And guess what? Many video game fans won’t buy a game before reading reviews. That creates an opportunity you can utilize to make money. The best part is that there’s no specific way of doing it.

For starters, you could launch a video game reviewing blog. Or you could start a YouTube channel with the same goal. To take the message closer home, you can start a channel on Twitch—the most popular video game streaming platform.

You can also provide your reviews on social media, local TV stations or through DVDs you sell on eBay and Amazon. But get this, your business’s success will depend on your knowledge of these games and creating trust in buyers.

#5: Work for a Video Game Company

Who said you must play video games to make money in the industry? There are tons of different jobs you can do. Let’s start with journalism. You can become a reporter for a TV or online magazine that specializes in video game content.

Or you can become a video game developer, designer, and all the people that turn concepts into actual video games. Still, you can work for the front office: provide customer service, marketing or management.

The bottom line is to work in an industry you love. So, find job opportunities online or in your city. Avoid new companies unless you’re willing to get paid little and grow with the business. Otherwise, choose medium-sized and large businesses for better payments.

Summary

It’s true what they say—you can make money in the gaming industry. But here’s what they probably don’t reveal. It’s not all fun and games. No one becomes a famous pro-gamer overnight. And very people become successful enough to quit their day jobs.

If you want to work in the gaming industry, though, identify an opportunity. Work on your skills and do what it takes to make money in that sector.